### Monday, December 29, 2003

## GUTz – Essay n. 003 - Force unification - I

**Force unification - I**

---------- Introduction

In this essay we are going to demonstrate that all the actual different forces, are all expressions of a fundamental and unified force.

This Essay as two parts. In the first one, we “work” at “Plank level”. At that level we are going to use for the different Dimension involve in the laws, the Plank limit values of each Dimension (in SI units).

In the second part we are going to see that the force unification is truth also in all others (conscience) levels (in the entire Universe, all the time,...). To accept this conclusion we must have an open mind, because some old fundamental ideas, upon which physics theory is built, must be improved.

--------- Force Unification – I

---1) Beginning by showing some universal constants that are going to be used for demonstration.

We have at “Plank level”:

Plank constant – hp = 6,626 068 76 * 10^-34 (J s)

Gravitational constant – Gp = 6,673 * 10^-11 (N m^2 Kg^-2)

Light speed in vacuum – vp = c = 2,997 924 580 * 10^8 (m/s)

Elementary Electric charge – Cep = e = 1,602 176 462 * 10^-19 (A s)

Plank Force – Fp = c^4/Gp = 1,210 491 340 * 10^44 (N)

Plank Area – dp^2 = (hp Gp)/c^3 = 1,641 024 082 * 10^-69 (m^2)

Plank Mass – mp = ((hp c)/Gp)^1/2 = 5,456 042 671 * 10^-8 (Kg)

Plank Energy – Ep = mp c^2 = 4,903 646 606 * 10^9 (J)

Plank Time – tp = (d^3/(Gp mp)) = 1,351 253 321 * 10^-43 (s)

Plank Acceleration – ap = c/tp =2,218 625 134 * 10^51 (m/s^2)

Plank Current – Ip = Cep/tp = 1,185 696 595 * 10^24 (A)

Plank Potential – Vp = Rp Ip = 3,060 615 807 * 10^28 (Volt)

PI Plank – PIp = 2Pi = 6,283 185 307 (rad)

Classic Permeability of vacuum – mu0

mu0 = 2PIp * 10^-7 = 1,256 637 061 * 10^6 (H/m)

Natural Permeability of vacuum – mup (see note 1)

mup = Rp/c = hp/(e^2 c) = 8,610 225 807 * 10^-5 = PIp/ALFA * 10^-7 (H/m)

Classic Permittivity of vacuum – epsilon0

epsilon0 = (2PIp c^2 * 10^-7 ) = 8,854 187 818 * 10^12 (F/m)

Natural Permittivity of vacuum – epsilonp

epsilonp = 1/(Rp c) = e^2/(hp c) = 1,292 242 697 * 10^-13 = (ALFA * 10^7)/(PIp c^2) (F/m)

Plank Resistance (or von Klintzing resistance) – Rp (or Rk)

Rp= hp/e^2 = Vp/Ip = (mup/epsilonp)^1/2 = 2,581 280 759 * 10^4 (ohm)

note 1. ALFA - Fine structure constant = 7,297 352 523 = 1/(137,035 999 834)

---2) The different laws for force (at “Plank level” in “positive side”):

**Newton’s second law**

Fp = mp ap (N)

**Newton’s law of gravitation**

FGp (Gravitic Plank force)

FGp = Gp (mp^2/dp^2) (N)

**Coulomb’s law**

FEp (Electric Plank force)

FEp = (1/(2PIp epsilon0)) (e^2/dp^2) = (ALFA/(PIp epsilonp)) (e^2/dp^2) ((N)

**Magnetic Plank force**

FMp (Magnetic Plank force)

FMp = 2 (mu0)/(2PIp) Ip^2 = ((2 ALFA mup)/PIp) Ip^2 (N)

---3) Relationship between mu0 and mup, and epsilon0 and epsilonp:

mup = mu0/(2 ALFA)

epsilonp = (2 ALFA) epsilon0

---4) Demonstration

Fp = FGp = Gp (mp^2/dp^2) = ((hp c)/mp^2) (mp^2/dp^2)

= (hp c)/dp^2 = Ep/dp = mp ap (N)

and

Fp = (PIp/ALFA) FEp = (PIp/ALFA) (ALFA/(PIp epsilonp)) (e^2/dp^2)

= (1/epsilonp) (e^2/dp^2) = ((hp c)/e^2) (e^2/dp^2) = (hp c)/dp^2

= Ep/dp = mp ap (N)

and

Fp = (PIp/(2 ALFA)) FMp = (PIp/(2 ALFA)) ((2 ALFA mup)/PIp) Ip^2

= mup Ip^2 = (hp/(e^2 c)) Ip^2 = (hp c)/(Ip^2 dp^2) Ip^2

= (hp c)/dp^2 = Ep/dp = mp ap (N)

so we have:

Fp = mp ap (N)

Fp = Ep/dp (N)

Fp = (hp c)/dp^2 (N)

Fp = Gp mp^2/dp^2 (N)

Fp = (PIp/ALFA) (1/(2 PIp epsilon0) (e^2/dp^2) (N)

Fp = (1/epsilonp) (e^2/dp^2) (N)

Fp = (PIp/(2 ALFA) (mu0/(2 PIp) Ip^2 (N)

Fp = mup Ip^2 (N)

Fp = c^4/Gp (N)

Fp = (Vp Ip)/c (N)

that is, we have only one Force (the Plank Force) at “Plank level”.

In GUTz – Essay n. 003a - Force unification – II, we are going to see the

**force unification at all levels**and some of the implications in ours classic ideas about how the world works.

Thanks in advance, by yours comments

Yours sincerely

Viana Abreu

gutz_va@hotmail.com or ceo@neworldream.com

GUTz is a Global Unified Physic Theory where zero is the primary source and last destiny of all manifestation in Universe.

### Saturday, December 27, 2003

## GUTz –Essay 004 (IV) - Relationship between the natural vacuum magnetic constant (muP) and the fine structure constant (ALFA).

**----Introduction**

Two clarify the importance of the new constant muP we are going to see that

**the fine structure constant is a "part" of muP value.**

If we compute the natural values for mu from real universal constants (Plank constant (h), Elementary charge (e) and Light speed (c) we get Plank mu (muP).

So we have (using the International System of Unities and the

International recommended values for h, e and c):

muP = h / (e^2 c) = 8,610 225 807 * 10^-5 H/m

Now we have the value of muP.

**----The relationship between muP and ALFA.**

Now, for the relation between muP and ALFA with the usual value of 1/137,035999834… (number that experimental Physic can measure),

we have:

**muP = 8,610 225 807 * 10^-5 = ((2 PI)/ALFA) * 10^-7)**H/m !!!

(note that mu0 = 4 PI * 10^-7 H/m)

That means that ALFA is a “part” of muP constant and because that, can not be isolated…

“ALFA as the personal and individual signature of muP and PI”

Let see two examples…

First- When actually we have ALFA = (mu0 e^2 c)/(2 h)

we also can see like this:

1 = (mu0/(2 ALFA)) * (e^2 c)/h

equivalente to:

1 = (muP e^2 c)/h or h = muP e^2 c

Second- When today we have RP = von Klitzing constant = (mu0 c)/(2 ALFA)

We also can see like this:

RP = ((mu0/(2 ALFA)) * c or RP = muP c

(RP = h e^-2 = (muP/epsilonP)^1/2

Note. The experimental Physic can measure the RP constant.

We can now ask…

Is the experimental Physic measuring mu dimension in vacuum (without the rational factor 2PI and without the scale factor 10^-7), when measure the usual ALFA?

So, in this new perspective,

**ALFA is a “part” of the natural vacuum magnetic constant (muP) that in actual Physical theories appear (the muP) fragmented in two or more dimensionless numbers.**

additional notes:

epsilonP = e^2 / (h c) = 1,292 242 697 * 10^-13 F/m

RP – Plank resistance

-----------

Thanks in advance, by yours comments

Yours sincerely

Viana Abreu

gutz_va@hotmail.com or ceo@neworldream.com

GUTz is a Global Unified Physic Theory where zero is the primary source and last destiny of all manifestation in Universe.

### Tuesday, December 09, 2003

## GUTz - Essay 000' - BASIC CONCEPTS (II)a - Impact of rationalization and arbitrary vacuum values for mu and epsilon

"We all know, that the actual physic theories have some big problems,

and

some times..., the problems begging in foundations."

---

If we compute the natural values for mu and epsilon from real

universal constants (Plank constant (h), Elementary charge (e) and

Light speed (c) we get Plank mu (muP) and Plank epsilon (epsilonP).

So we have (using the International System of Unities and the

international recommended values for h, e and c):

muP = h / (e^2 c) = 8,610 225 807 * 10^-5 H/m

epsilonP = (e^2) / (h c) = 1,292 242 697 * 10^-13 F/m

Now we have the value of two new real universal constants muP and

epsilonP…

But, with different value in vacuum for mu Dimension we have a

dramatic change in actual physic theories.

----

We can, for example, analyze the real nature of Fine structure

constant (ALFA) ("the famous and mysterious 1/137,…"):

The Fine Structure Constant as a usually value 1/137,... and every body

want to know where that “popular” number comes from.

We have that mu0/(2 muP) = epsilonP/(2 epsilon0) = ALFA = 1/(137,035

999 834) !!!

…and computing the new ALFA (ALFAP) we have:

ALFAP = (muP e^2 c)/(2 h) = (e^2)/(2 epsilonP h c) = 0,5 !!!

Anybody seems to ask, about the why of the actual value for mu in

vacuum - mu0, and not any other value.

The next question is, if is not the usually value mu0, what the new

value for mu Dimension in vacuum?

To this last question we all have a natural answer, the muP = h/(e^2

c) (H/m) (only depending of true universal constants e, h and c).

GUTz say that the number 1/137,.. as that value because the humans

decided to stipulate arbitrary the value in vacuum for mu

(Permeability Dimension), mu0 equal 4PI * 10^-7 (H/m).

So the strange number 1/137,... is the result of the artificial value

for mu in vacuum, mu0, because if we use the natural value muP for mu

in vacuum we get ALFA = 0,5.

------

Computing RP – Resistance Plank constant, we have:

RP = (muP/epsilonP)^1/2 = 25812.80759 (ohm)

but also we have:

2 ALFA RP = muo c

2 ALFAP RP = muP c (but ALFAP = 0.5), so

RP epsilonP c = 1

RP e^2 = h

RP IP^2 = PP (IP – Current Plank; PP – Power Plank)

RP G IP^2 = c^5 (G – Gravity (Plank) constant)

and others…

is important now to note that:

Resistance Plank constant (RP) = Quantum Hall Resistance = von Blitzing constant (RK)

The actual value for Impedance of vacuum is Z0 (Characteristic impedance of vacuum) = (mu0/epsilon0)^1/2 = 376.7303133461 (ohm)is not a value that “Nature support”, is an arbitrary one… (mu0 depending)

Then, Z0 is the result of the artificial value for mu in vacuum, mu0, because

-----------

Thanks in advance, by your comments

Viana Abreu

and

some times..., the problems begging in foundations."

---

**First section.**If we compute the natural values for mu and epsilon from real

universal constants (Plank constant (h), Elementary charge (e) and

Light speed (c) we get Plank mu (muP) and Plank epsilon (epsilonP).

So we have (using the International System of Unities and the

international recommended values for h, e and c):

muP = h / (e^2 c) = 8,610 225 807 * 10^-5 H/m

epsilonP = (e^2) / (h c) = 1,292 242 697 * 10^-13 F/m

Now we have the value of two new real universal constants muP and

epsilonP…

But, with different value in vacuum for mu Dimension we have a

dramatic change in actual physic theories.

----

**Second Section**.**Now, one simple example about the impact of stipulation a value (like**

mu0)without "Nature support"...:mu0)without "Nature support"...:

We can, for example, analyze the real nature of Fine structure

constant (ALFA) ("the famous and mysterious 1/137,…"):

The Fine Structure Constant as a usually value 1/137,... and every body

want to know where that “popular” number comes from.

We have that mu0/(2 muP) = epsilonP/(2 epsilon0) = ALFA = 1/(137,035

999 834) !!!

…and computing the new ALFA (ALFAP) we have:

ALFAP = (muP e^2 c)/(2 h) = (e^2)/(2 epsilonP h c) = 0,5 !!!

Anybody seems to ask, about the why of the actual value for mu in

vacuum - mu0, and not any other value.

The next question is, if is not the usually value mu0, what the new

value for mu Dimension in vacuum?

To this last question we all have a natural answer, the muP = h/(e^2

c) (H/m) (only depending of true universal constants e, h and c).

GUTz say that the number 1/137,.. as that value because the humans

decided to stipulate arbitrary the value in vacuum for mu

(Permeability Dimension), mu0 equal 4PI * 10^-7 (H/m).

So the strange number 1/137,... is the result of the artificial value

for mu in vacuum, mu0, because if we use the natural value muP for mu

in vacuum we get ALFA = 0,5.

------

**Third section****Example about the impact of stipulation a natural values like**

muP and epsilonP that have "Nature support"...:muP and epsilonP that have "Nature support"...:

Computing RP – Resistance Plank constant, we have:

RP = (muP/epsilonP)^1/2 = 25812.80759 (ohm)

but also we have:

2 ALFA RP = muo c

2 ALFAP RP = muP c (but ALFAP = 0.5), so

**RP = muP c**RP epsilonP c = 1

RP e^2 = h

RP IP^2 = PP (IP – Current Plank; PP – Power Plank)

RP G IP^2 = c^5 (G – Gravity (Plank) constant)

and others…

is important now to note that:

Resistance Plank constant (RP) = Quantum Hall Resistance = von Blitzing constant (RK)

**Why not also, RP the natural Zp (Impedance of vacuum)?**The actual value for Impedance of vacuum is Z0 (Characteristic impedance of vacuum) = (mu0/epsilon0)^1/2 = 376.7303133461 (ohm)is not a value that “Nature support”, is an arbitrary one… (mu0 depending)

Then, Z0 is the result of the artificial value for mu in vacuum, mu0, because

**if we use the natural value muP for mu in vacuum we get Z0 = (muP/epsilonP)^1/2 = RP = RK = Quantum Hall Resistance.**-----------

Thanks in advance, by your comments

Viana Abreu

### Friday, December 05, 2003

## GUTz - Essay 000' - BASIC CONCEPTS (II) - Impact of rationalization and arbitrary vacuum values for mu and epsilon

.

The

So,

The vacuum is a very special "scale" because in the vacuum we find the limits for all the Dimensions.

That limits are independents of System Units adopted.

We all know that "Nature don't work with rationalized Systems of units", where we (to simplify some formulas) affect some Natural Laws with factors like 1/(4PI) or 1/(2PI).

About that is very important to have the trace of what we are doing.

Also is important to note that all arbitrary values we create, like the value mu0 (for mu dimension value of vacuum), that return to us with

I like to have comments about this before I distribute the

best regards and thanks for your comments,

Viana Abreu

"Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby"

**In GUTz theory, all Dimensions (time, space, energy, mass, charge, current,...) are different views of one Basic Unified Reality.**The

**Natural Laws**, like v=d/t, F=ma, and all others, are the way different Dimension are linked in Nature conscience at all levels (human level included).So,

**Particles**,**Forces**,.. are all, different views of the same thing - the**Basic Unified Reality**.The vacuum is a very special "scale" because in the vacuum we find the limits for all the Dimensions.

That limits are independents of System Units adopted.

We all know that "Nature don't work with rationalized Systems of units", where we (to simplify some formulas) affect some Natural Laws with factors like 1/(4PI) or 1/(2PI).

About that is very important to have the trace of what we are doing.

Also is important to note that all arbitrary values we create, like the value mu0 (for mu dimension value of vacuum), that return to us with

**additional complexity in our representations of Natural Laws**and/or**Geometric/Scale distortions effects**.**One simple example about the impact of stipulation a value without "Nature support"...***The Fine Structure Constant as a usually value 1/137,... and every body want to know where that "popular" number come from.*

And GUTz say that because, if we compute a natural mu (muP = h/(e^2 c) (H/m) we get muP = 8,610 225 807 * 10^-5 (H/m) and if we use this new value for compute ALFA (ALFA' = (muP e^2 c) / (2 h)

The Ampere (unit) and Coulomb (unit) definition are also affected by that stipulation.

Note that anybody seems to ask, about the why of the actual value for mu in vacuum - mu0, and not any other value.

The new question is, if is not the usually value mu0, what the new value for mu Dimension in vacuum?

To this last question we all have a natural answer, the muP = h/(e^2 c) (H/m) (only depending of true universal constants e, h and c).

We can also remember that Gravitic constant (G) can be computed from G = (c^3 dP^2)/h ((J m)/(kg^2)

where dP is Plank length

We can compute also the Natural value for epsilon (epsilonP = e^2/(h c) (F/m) or epsilonP = 1/(muP c^2) (F/m))

"We all know, that the actual physic theories have some big problems, and

some times... , the problems begin in foundations."**GUTz say that the number 1/137,.. as that value because the humans decided to stipulate arbitrary the value in vacuum for mu (Permeability Dimension), mu0 equal 4PI * 10^-7 (H/m).**And GUTz say that because, if we compute a natural mu (muP = h/(e^2 c) (H/m) we get muP = 8,610 225 807 * 10^-5 (H/m) and if we use this new value for compute ALFA (ALFA' = (muP e^2 c) / (2 h)

**we get ALFA' = 0,5**.**So the strange number 1/137,... is the result of the artificial value for mu in vacuum, mu0**The Ampere (unit) and Coulomb (unit) definition are also affected by that stipulation.

Note that anybody seems to ask, about the why of the actual value for mu in vacuum - mu0, and not any other value.

The new question is, if is not the usually value mu0, what the new value for mu Dimension in vacuum?

To this last question we all have a natural answer, the muP = h/(e^2 c) (H/m) (only depending of true universal constants e, h and c).

We can also remember that Gravitic constant (G) can be computed from G = (c^3 dP^2)/h ((J m)/(kg^2)

where dP is Plank length

We can compute also the Natural value for epsilon (epsilonP = e^2/(h c) (F/m) or epsilonP = 1/(muP c^2) (F/m))

**But, with different value in vacuum for mu Dimension we have a dramatic change in actual physic theories.**"We all know, that the actual physic theories have some big problems, and

some times... , the problems begin in foundations."

I like to have comments about this before I distribute the

**Essay n. 003 - Force unification**best regards and thanks for your comments,

Viana Abreu

"Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby"

### Thursday, November 27, 2003

## GUTz – Essay 000’ – **BASIC CONCEPTS (I)** – Dimensions, Units and “Plank scale”.

In all this work I adopt the International System of Units (SI). If, for some reason I use another System of Units than SI, it will be explicit refereed and justified.

Before the presentation of

1- We must always have in mind that one goal of

2- With the expression “

I also use the concept that all Dimensions are quantized; they only can have values that are multiple of a minimum universal value.

Dimensions appear sometimes in Natural Laws with the reciprocal value, like for example 1/tp or 1/c^2). So is natural to assume that if they have a Minimum value, they also have a Maximum value. This creates an important symmetry (Inversion) around the

I assume that another very important

That, directly cause that Dimensions have also symmetric values from those that we talked before (negative values).

3-

Some of that values the Nature reveal to us (like, Plank constant (hp), Speed of light (c), Elementary Charge (Cep), Gravity constant (Gp), …).

To that Dimensions limit values we call real

4- The

5- When we have, m, d, d^2, m^2, d^3, … we are taking about different Dimensions

6- I’m going now to list some of that limit values associated to they Dimension and one path to computing them. (I’ m going to use the actual values for them).

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

g)

h)

i)

j)

k)

l)

m)

n)

o) and many more...

6- For all those constants we must associate the

I like to have comments about this before I distribute the

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

"Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby"

Before the presentation of

**Essay n. 003 – The Force Unification**, it is important to present and revue some important concepts and numbers, (that I use in GUTz), and have feedback from the scientific community and others Gutz watchers.1- We must always have in mind that one goal of

**rationalized Systems of Units**like SI, MKSC or MKSA (Giorgi System) versus**no rationalized Systems**(like those linked to CGS (Electrostatic and Electromagnetic System) and Gauss System) is to simplify many formulas used in electricity and particularly the Maxwell equations (this represent that we put the factor 4 PI in some basic expressions (like Coulomb Law F = (1/(4 PI Epsilon0)) . (Q1 Q2)/(r^2) or Biot and Savart Law dB = ((muo)/(4 PI)) . (idl sen(teta)/(r^2)).2- With the expression “

**Dimension**” (ex. Dimension Time or Dimension Length) I’m referring to the fact that we can measure, define and/or only feel or watch the effect of some perspective of our world. All Dimensions are variables, I mean that Dimensions can have different values and we can use for them different units (depending of the System of units we are using). I’m assuming that all Dimensions are different views of one basic reality. The different views are created by human nature (because we only create what we rationality believe…).I also use the concept that all Dimensions are quantized; they only can have values that are multiple of a minimum universal value.

Dimensions appear sometimes in Natural Laws with the reciprocal value, like for example 1/tp or 1/c^2). So is natural to assume that if they have a Minimum value, they also have a Maximum value. This creates an important symmetry (Inversion) around the

**Unit**.I assume that another very important

**symmetry**exist in our world around the**Zero Point**, that means a total and permanent balance of all manifestations in the Universe.That, directly cause that Dimensions have also symmetric values from those that we talked before (negative values).

3-

**Plank scale**represents a very important “point” because represent the “place – the**Vacuum**” where we can pick limit values (maximum or minimum) for all Dimensions we know.Some of that values the Nature reveal to us (like, Plank constant (hp), Speed of light (c), Elementary Charge (Cep), Gravity constant (Gp), …).

To that Dimensions limit values we call real

**Fundamental and Universal Constants**.4- The

**Laws of Nature**is the relation between these Dimensions that are all related. When the value of one Dimension is changed all others are changed too.5- When we have, m, d, d^2, m^2, d^3, … we are taking about different Dimensions

6- I’m going now to list some of that limit values associated to they Dimension and one path to computing them. (I’ m going to use the actual values for them).

a)

**Plank Constant**-- hp = Power (10, -34) * 6,626 068 76 (J s) - Energy quantum Dimension (h)b)

**Speed of light**-- vp or c = Power (10, 8) * 2,997 924 58 (m/s) – Velocity Dimension (v)c)

**Elementary electric charge**– Cep = Power (10, -19) * 1,602 176 462 (A s) – Charge Dimension (Ce)d)

**Gravitic constant**– Gp = Power (10, -11) * 6,673 ((J m)/(Kg^2)) – Gravity Dimension (G)e)

**Plank Length**– dp = ((Gp hp)/(c^3))^(-1/2) = Power (10, -35) * 4,050 955 544 (m) – length Dimension (d)f)

**Plank Force**– Fp = (c^4)/Gp = Power (10, 44) * 1,210 491 340 (N) – Force Dimension (F)g)

**Plank Energy**– Ep = Fp/dp = Power (10, 9) * 4,903 646 606 (J) – Energy Dimension (E)h)

**Plank Mass**– Mp = Ep/(c^2) = ((hp c)/Gp)^(1/2) = Power (10, -8) * 5,456 042 671 (Kg) – Mass Dimension (M)i)

**Plank Time**– tp = hp/Ep = Power (10, -43) * 1,351 253 321 (s) – Time Dimension (t)j)

**Plank Current**– ip = Ce/tp = Power (10, 24) * 1,185 696 595 (A) – Current Dimension (i)k)

**Plank Electric constant**– epsilonp = ( Ce^2)/(hp c) = Power (10, -13) * 1,292 242 697 ((s^2 A^2)/(m^2 N)) – Electric constant (Permittivity of vacuum) Dimension (epsilon)l)

**Plank Magnetic constant**– mup = hp/(Ce^2 c) = Power (10, -5) * 8,610 225 807 (N/(A^2)) – Electric constant (Permeability of vacuum) Dimension (mu)m)

**von Klitzing**constant (**Plank Resistance**) – Rp = MCp c = Power (10, -5) * 2,581 280 759 ((N m)/(s A^2))– Electrical Resistance Dimension (R)n)

**Plank Density**- Dp = mp/d^3 = Power (10, 95) * 8,208 471 4 (Kg/m^3) - Density Dimension (D)o) and many more...

**Plank Temperature**(Tp),**Plank Power**(Pp),**Plank Electric Potencial**(Vp),**Plank Capacity**(Cap), …6- For all those constants we must associate the

**reciprocal**and the**symmetrical**values.I like to have comments about this before I distribute the

**Essay n. 003 – Force unification**Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

"Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby"

### Wednesday, November 26, 2003

## GUTz About Essay 004 III - new Magnetic Constant (MC) and new Electrical Constant (EC).

**Resuming essay n. 004**(after all the comments I received):

"We all know, that the

**actual theories have some big problems**, and some times the problems begging in foundations."

"If we have open mind, and some courage to be different, perhaps we find something different."

1-We are remembering a

**natural value**for Magnetic constant (MCp) and Electrical constant (ECp), using relationship between (elementary electrical charge, speed of light and Plank constant).

2-We can arrive to MCp and ECp

**independently**.

3-The natural value for Magnetic constant (MCp) is the new value for

**Permeability of vacuum**(mup) and the natural Electric Constant (ECp) is the new value for

**Permittivity of vacuum**(epsilonp).

4-Now, we could use this values,

**instead of the old arbitraries values**MC = 4 PI 10^-7 H/m and EC = 1/(MC c^2) F/m.

5-MCp is a real fundamental universal constant for the Permeability Dimension and ECp is a real fundamental and universal constant for the Permittivity Dimension.

6-This fundamental values, of Permeability (MCp) and Permittivity (ECp) are now at the same level that fundamental values for Velocity (c), Quantum energy (h), Electrical charge (e) and others we already found. All are constants that can be expressed in different Systems of Units, because they are natural values from our world.

7-With this new updated constants,

**we get a value for Fine Structure Constant (ALFA) equal 0,5**that is quite different from the actual value (1/137,…)

8-Clearly the strange number ( 1/137,…) is the result of the use of an arbitrary value for Permeability of vacuum in all actual physics theories.

9-In expressions where MC and EC appear, some distortion we get. Only when they appear like (MC . EC) we do not have distortion, because the result is a fixed constant (c^-2).

10-The theories are dealing today, with some anomalies, distortions of scale, additional complexity and limitations, because in the theories (that enrols MC and EC) design, the use of arbitrarily constants, for some fundamental values of some Dimension, like Permeability or Permittivity, was assumed.

11-This represent

**the need we have to update some theories**, because if we do that, we will better understand the world we live.

12-

**If we do not do this, we never will found the real nature of Our Universe**. Is a very important step.

"I see from outside, and I’m not involved with the scientific system."

"I'm looking answers with a different vision, and exploring questions with other perspectives, because

**I believe we have always simple answers to our complex questions**."

I will like some comments about all this.

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

### Tuesday, November 25, 2003

## GUTz About II Essay 004 - new Magnetic Constant (MC) and new Electrical Constant (EC).

When we chose epsilon0 (EC) like a fundamental constant we are accepting that epsilon0 is at the same nature of c, e, h or G.

But we know that the value of epsilon0 was computed from one value (the value of mu0 (MC) is mu0 = 4 PI 10^-7) stipulated arbitrarily. Epsilon0 was computed using the natural Law (epsilon0. mu0 . c^2 = 1) (but using mu0 that was defined arbitrarily). So epsilon0 is not a natural number from the same kind of G, e, c, h that nature "give to us" (they are not arbitrarily), they are fundamental numbers of some Dimensions.

These fact (the use of arbitrarily number for some Dimensions)

What I have done was to remember a Natural Law (through dimensional analysis), (that for the same "point - the Vacuum", where we have the limit values (max. or min.) of some Dimensional (like velocity, electrical charge,...), c, e, h, G,...), that give to us the natural value for the Dimension miu and the Dimension epsilon for the same point - the Vacuum.

For other size,

I will like some comments about all this.

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

But we know that the value of epsilon0 was computed from one value (the value of mu0 (MC) is mu0 = 4 PI 10^-7) stipulated arbitrarily. Epsilon0 was computed using the natural Law (epsilon0. mu0 . c^2 = 1) (but using mu0 that was defined arbitrarily). So epsilon0 is not a natural number from the same kind of G, e, c, h that nature "give to us" (they are not arbitrarily), they are fundamental numbers of some Dimensions.

These fact (the use of arbitrarily number for some Dimensions)

**create some distortions**in our theories and strange**constants like ALFA**that is the**direct result of the use of anti-natural fundamental numbers for epsilon0 and miu0**.What I have done was to remember a Natural Law (through dimensional analysis), (that for the same "point - the Vacuum", where we have the limit values (max. or min.) of some Dimensional (like velocity, electrical charge,...), c, e, h, G,...), that give to us the natural value for the Dimension miu and the Dimension epsilon for the same point - the Vacuum.

For other size,

**the discussion about the number 1/137,.. seems to me without reason**, because if we defined another arbitrarily to mu0, we do not have 1/137,.. we have some other strange number...I will like some comments about all this.

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

### Monday, November 24, 2003

## GUTz About Essay 004 - new Magnetic Constant (MC) and new Electrical Constant (EC).

The most important fact in this essay n. 004 is that we can have from nature, constants for vacuum electric constant (EC) and vacuum Magnetic constant (MC) that "are not stipulated by man".

Man stipulates the actual values of MC and EC, are values fixed arbitrarily.

I think, that it will be natural, that

Since the moment that we can get a natural value (from a mix of others fundamental and natural universal constants) we have fundamental values (Max. or Min. values) for quantum Dimension (we have this to Velocity, Electric Charge, Quantum of Energy and some more others...).

Is a relevant fact, that from this new natural values for MC (mu0) and EC(epsilon0) (MCp and ECp) we can have

We also have using the new ALFA (ALFA'), something like this:

- Bohr radius of the hydrogen (Brh) = 2 X Compton wavelength of the electron (Cwe) and Cwe = 2 X Classic electron radius !!!

If we see all fundamental and natural universal constants like fundamental values of some different quantum Dimensions we must assume that Gp (Gravitic constant) is a Min. and fundamental value for a quantumDimension "the Gravitic Dimension...", Like we have elementary Charge for Charge Dimension, Like we have Plank constant for Energy Quantum Dimension, Like we have Light Speed in vacuum (c) for Velocity Dimension... and this vision resolve he problem off Time/Space distortion because G is now no more only a fixed value but a Min. value off Gravitic Dimension (we must remember that Gp = (hp c)/(mp.mp) where hp is Planck constant c is vp (light speed in vacuum) and mp is Planck mass) and all this values (of Planck) are computed in the same special "point"...

All this Dimension are linked by

In the next Essay, n. 003, we will see the

I will like some comments about all this.

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

...Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby...

Man stipulates the actual values of MC and EC, are values fixed arbitrarily.

**The value of ALFA (1/137,...) is the result of this stipulated value of MC and EC.****If the stipulation was different, we no more get the number ALFA in all the theories, we create in this case, a different ALFA, no more 1/137,...****Because that we can't see ALFA like a mysteries, but a result in this case, of "man rationality".****The question is, how we can create theories over artificial constants like the actual MC and EC?**I think, that it will be natural, that

**some anomalies**,**difficulties and additional complexity**in theories will be found... like strange numbers like the old ALFA...Since the moment that we can get a natural value (from a mix of others fundamental and natural universal constants) we have fundamental values (Max. or Min. values) for quantum Dimension (we have this to Velocity, Electric Charge, Quantum of Energy and some more others...).

Is a relevant fact, that from this new natural values for MC (mu0) and EC(epsilon0) (MCp and ECp) we can have

**a value for ALFA that is 0,5**(exact).We also have using the new ALFA (ALFA'), something like this:

- Bohr radius of the hydrogen (Brh) = 2 X Compton wavelength of the electron (Cwe) and Cwe = 2 X Classic electron radius !!!

If we see all fundamental and natural universal constants like fundamental values of some different quantum Dimensions we must assume that Gp (Gravitic constant) is a Min. and fundamental value for a quantumDimension "the Gravitic Dimension...", Like we have elementary Charge for Charge Dimension, Like we have Plank constant for Energy Quantum Dimension, Like we have Light Speed in vacuum (c) for Velocity Dimension... and this vision resolve he problem off Time/Space distortion because G is now no more only a fixed value but a Min. value off Gravitic Dimension (we must remember that Gp = (hp c)/(mp.mp) where hp is Planck constant c is vp (light speed in vacuum) and mp is Planck mass) and all this values (of Planck) are computed in the same special "point"...

All this Dimension are linked by

**Natural Laws**that we already know, and when one Dimension change the value, then all others change too...In the next Essay, n. 003, we will see the

**unification of all forces**... all are the same force that is another Dimension, like we know ...that have a max. Value Fp ( Planck force = c^4/Gp).I will like some comments about all this.

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

...Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby...

### Friday, November 21, 2003

## GUTz first public personal announcement – Essay 004’ - new Magnetic Constant (MC) and new Electrical Constant (EC).

If we compute the natural values for MC and EC from real universal constants (Plank constant (h), Elementary charge (e) and Light speed (c) we get Plank MC (MCp) and Plank EC (ECp).

If we use this new values MCp and ECp instead the old one MC (Power (10, -7) * 4 pi) conventioneer by man) and EC (that are conventioneer indirectly from MC and c), in all physics laws, where they appear, we have a dramatic change in modern physics theories (only the actual knowledge of space/time is not directly affected).

So we have (using the International System of Unities and the international recommended values for h, e and c):

MCp = h / (e.e c) = Power (10, -5) * 8,610 225 807 H/m

ECp = (e.e) / (h c) = Power (10, -13) * 1,292 242 697 F/m

We can, for example, begin with the explanation about the real nature of Fine structure constant (ALFA) (“

We have that MC/(2 MCp) = ECp/(2 EC) = ALFA = 1/(137,035 999 834) !!!

…and computing the new ALFA (ALFA0) we have:

“Perhaps now we can have a more rational knowledge of how the real world works...”

This is very clear and simple to me.

Is here something that we must add?

I like to have comments about this before I announce some more Essays.

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

“Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby”

If we use this new values MCp and ECp instead the old one MC (Power (10, -7) * 4 pi) conventioneer by man) and EC (that are conventioneer indirectly from MC and c), in all physics laws, where they appear, we have a dramatic change in modern physics theories (only the actual knowledge of space/time is not directly affected).

So we have (using the International System of Unities and the international recommended values for h, e and c):

MCp = h / (e.e c) = Power (10, -5) * 8,610 225 807 H/m

ECp = (e.e) / (h c) = Power (10, -13) * 1,292 242 697 F/m

**Now we have the value of two new real universal constants MCp and ECp…**We can, for example, begin with the explanation about the real nature of Fine structure constant (ALFA) (“

**the famous and mysterious 1/137**,…”):We have that MC/(2 MCp) = ECp/(2 EC) = ALFA = 1/(137,035 999 834) !!!

…and computing the new ALFA (ALFA0) we have:

**ALFA0 = (MCp e.e c) / (2 h) = (e.e) / (2 ECp h c) = 0,500 000 000**!!!“Perhaps now we can have a more rational knowledge of how the real world works...”

This is very clear and simple to me.

Is here something that we must add?

I like to have comments about this before I announce some more Essays.

Thanks in advance

Viana Abreu

“Understanding the physics world and conscience world is my hobby”

### Thursday, November 20, 2003

## GUTz- next Essays to be distribute

Essay nr 000 - "

**Basic Concepts**" and Essay nº 003 - "**The Force Unification**"